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ICICI Lombard has a tepid third quarter but retains leadership

By Ketan Sonalkar

The general insurance industry is going through some tough times over the last few quarters and Q3FY22 was no different. Slowing down auto sales and travel restrictions were dampeners this quarter. The silver lining was the rising sale of health insurance policies as uncertainty of the impact of the third wave loomed large. This quarter also saw the addition of another player in the listed space with Star Health, specializing in health insurance making its debut in December 2021.

The leading private general insurance player, ICICI Lombard offers a diversified range of products including motor, health, travel, personal accident, marine, fire and crop insurances. It commands a market share of 8.3% on a GDPI (gross direct premium income) basis as per Dec 2021 IRDA data

Last year the company acquired the general insurance business of Bharti Axa and ICICI Lombard's results for quarters of FY22 reflect post-acquisition numbers. However, since last year's financials were not adjusted, YoY data is not strictly comparable. The merger also added the crop insurance segment that has a high loss ratio, impacting profitability.

ICICI Lombard is the first among the general insurers to declare Q3FY22 results. Listed on the stock exchanges in September 2017, its stock price saw a fall since the Q3FY22 results were declared and the stock has given negative returns over the last year.

 Quick Takes

  • GDPI was at Rs 4,699 crore in Q3FY22 as against Rs 4,034 crore in Q3FY21
  • GDPI was at Rs 13,311 crore for 9M FY2022 as against Rs 10,525 crore for 9M FY2021
  • Covid claims of Rs 560 crore in 9MFY22 was much higher than Rs 150 crore in 9MFY21
  • Cyclone and flood losses of Rs 82 crore were recorded for 9M2022
  • Addition of 400 salesforce for retail health vertical in Q3FY22 
  • Post-merger with Bharti Axa, crop insurance constitutes 5% of the product mix

Lacklustre quarter impacted by low auto sales and the third wave

The results for Q3FY22 see a nominal decline YoY in revenues and a nominal rise YoY in the profits of the company. While revenues declined marginally YoY to Rs 438.1 crore from Rs 452.1 crore, profits rose YoY to Rs 317.5 from Rs 313.5 crore. The management said it faced challenges in the motor insurance segment with four-wheelers sales impacted by the shortage of semiconductor chips and lower demand for two-wheelers in the festive season.

Underwriting losses increased during Q3FY22 to Rs 269.1 crore compared to Rs 100.7 crore in Q2FY22, and Rs 135.4 crore in Q3FY21. Consequently, the combined ratio of the insurer for the quarter stood at 104.5% as against 97.9% in Q3FY21, which is a measure of operating profitability. 

The revenue mix for ICICI Lombard is dominated by the motor insurance and health insurance verticals. Within motor insurance, the revenues are equally distributed between OD (own damage) and TP (third party) segments. OD is an insurance cover that protects the owner against the loss and damage that occurs due to theft etc. and allows the owner to compensate for repair and replacement expenses. TP is the mandatory insurance cover for a vehicle as stipulated by law. This cover protects the owner against the loss and damage that occurs due to the owner’s vehicle.

Marine and fire insurance have a smaller share in the overall pie but with a market share of 13% and 18% in their respective segments. Crop insurance was not part of ICICI Lombard’s portfolio, but post-Bharti Axa’s merger with the company, it now constitutes 5% of the product mix.

Going deeper into each vertical, motor insurance has its strength in private car insurance with about 55% of the revenues from this segment. While there is pricing competition on the OD insurance from other players, TP policies pricing is decided by the regulator. The management is hopeful of a price hike for motor TP from the regulator in the next financial year. It expects this segment to do better in the next few quarters as sales of four-wheelers will pick up when the semiconductor shortage is resolved.

Similarly, the health vertical comprises health insurance, travel insurance, personal accident insurance products, and group insurance products. The employer group insurance products contribute more than 50% of revenues. ICICI Lombard has long-standing relationships with corporates for group insurance. The company leveraged these to offer revised or higher group cover against the backdrop of the first and second wave of Covid-19. The company also hired 400 salespeople for the health insurance vertical during the quarter. They are not agents, but company employees appointed to grow the health insurance agency channel by recruiting agents, who would be the point of sales. 

New tech-driven competitors gaining market share

The industry trends point to a few encouraging signs for this sector. The GDPI for the majority of the insurers is rising for the 9MFY22 period as compared to 9MFY21.

ICICI Lombard also retains the top spot among private insurance players with a 26% YoY growth in GDPI for 9MFY22. Competition from newer companies is perceptible, particularly with players like Acko and Digit who have grown YoY by 151.9% and 91.8% for the same period respectively. They are more technologically focused on business models that are different from traditional models. 

The management addressed this concern raised by an analyst about the age companies during the Q3FY22 earnings conference call. The management said they launched an app ‘IL Take Care’, an integrated digital platform, with a host of features so that customers can avail services digitally. These include booking teleconsultations with doctors, finding the nearest network hospital, renewal of motor and health policy directly via the app.

This app saw more than 11 lakh downloads till 9MFY22. The management is also working to make the customer experience better on this app. Another team is working parallelly to enhance the digital initiatives, including technology spends, to stay ahead of the competition. While new-age companies might be running into losses in a bid to capture market share, the management said ICICI Lombard is focused on profitability without losing market share.

In another tech-driven initiative, business sourcing from the company’s website resulted in a 20% rise in business sequentially in Q3FY22. The business sourced from the company’s website grew by 22% for health insurance, by 156% for travel insurance and by 11.9% for motor insurance.

Integration of Bharti Axa yet to play out

Post the merger of Bharti Axa with ICICI Lombard, it is still work-in-progress for seamless integration of both businesses. The process of integration of historical data is expected to be completed over the next two quarters, according to management. Once completed, the integrated data will be able to offer insights that can be leveraged and the benefits would play out from Q2FY23 onwards.

In the current quarter and through 9MFY22, ICICI Lombard has retained its leadership among private insurers. A number of factors that will play out over the next quarter will define its ability to lead the industry. Favourable among them include the resolution of semiconductor shortages and the third wave not being as harsh as the previous two. Travel is also expected to pick up in the coming quarters, which would drive demand for travel insurance. While it appears to be well prepared to take on new-age competitors, the next few quarters will be defining for its leadership position and market share.

Number of FII/FPI investors decreased from 723 to 695 in Mar 2022 qtr
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